• Art should be independent of all clap-trap - should stand alone, and appeal to the artistic sense of eye or ear, without confounding this with emotions entirely foreign to it, as devotion, pity, love, patriotism and the like. All these have no kind of concern with it; and that is why I insist on calling my works 'arrangements' and 'harmonies.

    James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Peter Russell (2017). “Delphi Complete Works of James McNeill Whistler (Illustrated)”, p.620, Delphi Classics