• Critical words to a child are as painful and damaging as being physically hit. They are verbal slaps in the face. Usually, critical words are accompanied by threats, name-calling, and yelling. This verbal abuse can be especially damaging. Insulting names echo in a child's mind over and over again until he comes to believe he is indeed stupid, selfish, lazy, or ugly and that in fact, that is all he is.

    Beverly Engel (2002). “The Emotionally Abusive Relationship: How to Stop Being Abused and How to Stop Abusing”, p.71, John Wiley & Sons