• Let us keep before us the fact that, almost without exception, every race or nation that has ever got upon its feet has done so through struggle and trial and persecution; and that out of this very resistance to wrong, out of the struggle against odds, they have gained strength, self-confidence, and experience which they could not have gained in any other way.

    Booker T. Washington, Louis R. Harlan (1977). “The Booker T. Washington Papers: 1903-4”, p.188, University of Illinois Press