• God's existence needs to be established independently before he can be brought into account for causation; it cannot be assumed at the start.

    S. T. Joshi (2003). “God's Defenders: What They Believe and why They are Wrong : William James, C.K. Chesterton, T.S. Eliot, William F. Buckley, Jerry Fallwell, Annie Dillard, C.S. Lewis”, Pyr Books