• And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free; and that the Executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.

    Abraham Lincoln, Karl Marx (2011). “An Unfinished Revolution: Karl Marx and Abraham Lincoln”, p.116, Verso Books
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