• Men of Color, To Arms! The case is before you. This is our golden opportunity. Let us accept it, and forever wipe out the dark reproaches unsparingly hurled against us by our enemies. Let us win for ourselves the gratitude of our country, and the best blessings of our posterity through all time.

    Frederick Douglass (1952). “The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass: The Civil War, 1861-1865”